In the Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology at Hochzirl Hospital, Prof. Markus Kofler and his team perform more than 1000 functional tests yearly of the central and peripheral nervous system and of muscles. These tests include recordings of the electrical activity of the brain (electroencephalography, EEG), nerve conduction studies (electroneurography), registration of the electrical and mechanical activity of muscles (electromyography, EMG), assessment of central and peripheral neural pathways (evoked potentials, EP), various reflex studies, and recordings of event-related potentials (ERP). Furthermore, quantitative sensory testing comprises the assessment of warmth and cold perception. The results of these examinations aid in the diagnosis and quantification of dysfunctions of the nervous system and of muscles and help to monitor therapy effects.
Neurophysiology is also applied in the treatment of both focal and generalized spastic syndromes, in that (1) botulinum toxin is injected into muscles that are exactly localized with the help of electromyography and electrical stimulation, and (2) intrathecal baclofen treatment can be guided by neurographic H reflex testing.